The Fair Rosamund (John William Waterhouse 1917) is a painting of Rosamund Clifford (1150 - c11.76). Rosamund was the mistress of Henry II. She was also known as 'the Rose of the World' and was famed for her beauty. The name Rosamund possibly came from 'Rosa Mundi' - Rose of the World and one legend says that the rose Rosa Mundi is named after her and allegedly sprang from her tears as Henry went off to war without her. Stories say that Henry kept Rosamund in a tower, surrounded by a rose bower, that was hidden in a labrynth.